Maher, & Chikhani A Professional Law Corporation: Your Fairfield
Criminal Defense Attorney
Most criminal prosecutions are undertaken at the state level, for violations
of state law and carried out in state court. However, just as their are
comprehensive state laws enforcing behavior, there are also federal criminal
laws which have been approved by Congress. In general, federal criminal
laws are related to a federal or national issue such as the flow of goods
or services across state lines, federal tax fraud or other offenses committed
near federal property. Many crimes, however, may be prosecuted at either
the federal or state level depending on the decisions of law enforcement
and the prosecutors.
Congress is only able to pass federal laws which involve a national interest.
Broadly some criteria which may be used to determine a federal jurisdiction
in a criminal case entail:
Any criminal action taking place on federal land or involving federal law
enforcement officers, employees or personnel. Examples could be a murder taking place on a federally protected tract
of land, the robbery of a U.S. Post Office or kidnapping and fleeing to
a Native American Reservation
Any criminal action involving the accused individual crossing interstate lines. An example could be a robbery suspect fleeing from Vermont to South Carolina.
Any criminal action involving action undertaken in multiple states. An example could be an internet based fraud which victimized people in
Immigrations and customs-related crimes. Examples of these could include human trafficking or transit of illegal
goods such as narcotics across federal borders.
State courts are presided over by state court judges who are appointed
by state governors and face reelection. Federal judges are appointed directly
by the President of the United States and serve for life. Federal crimes
are prosecuted by U.S. State’s Attorneys and are assisted by federal
agents such as ATF or CIA Agents. State crimes are assisted by state and
county sheriffs and local law enforcement officers; they are prosecuted
by state district attorneys. In most cases, federal court proceedings
move at a much slower pace than state cases.
Maher, & Chikhani A Professional Law Corporation: Your State
and Federal Legal Experts
Regardless of whether you are facing a criminal charge in state or federal
criminal defense experts at
Maher, & Chikhani A Professional Law Corporation can assist you today.
Call today to begin your
free legal consultation!